Indigenous communities forced to cede ground

Indigenous peoples are recognized and identified as distinct peoples in India through the constitution. Further, the indigenous tribal council is constitutionally recognized in India and there are specific state institutions established to deal with their rights and development. India is among the few countries where constitutional or statutory laws recognize indigenous peoples’ rights to land,… Read More Indigenous communities forced to cede ground

Farmers’ perception of hybrid rice in Jharkhand

A study by SPWD indicates that the use of hybrid seeds in rice raises concerns regarding the inputs required and their overall effect on human health, the soil and environment. The study titled ‘Effects of hybridisation on secondary characteristics of rice plants’ assesses the effects of rice hybridization, and its harmful effects on the quality… Read More Farmers’ perception of hybrid rice in Jharkhand

Mangrove ecosystems should be better protected

A recent study reveals alarming rate of mangrove habitat loss in south-east Asia. The region contains the greatest proportion (33.8 per cent) of the global mangrove forest straddling across 1,34,257 sqkm. Mangroves are salt-tolerant evergreen forests that are found along coastlines, lagoons, rivers or deltas in tropical and subtropical countries and areas around the world,… Read More Mangrove ecosystems should be better protected

Shifting cultivation under threat

A study by SPWD on ‘Environmental, social and health implications of shifting cultivation’ points to the risk faced by the rich agro-biodiverse systems of the shifting cultivation lands in Odisha and Chhattisgarh. The study looked at shifting cultivation practices by two Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) in two districts and confirms the distinctiveness of shifting… Read More Shifting cultivation under threat

Need a layered approach to aligning wage employment and crop insurance schemes

A report by the International Institute for Environment and Development makes a case for promoting better alignment between the Mahatma Gandhi National Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) and Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (WBCIS). To do this, the report authored by Steinbach, D et al suggests that “policymakers also need to address structural constraints that limit… Read More Need a layered approach to aligning wage employment and crop insurance schemes

Phad irrigation systems help mitigate risk of crop failure in drought prone Vidarbha

Communities have across diverse ecological and sociopolitical contexts devised myriad ways over time to harvest and manage water in order to sustain their lives and practice agriculture. Many of these systems (1) continue to function and are often more sustainable, cost-effective and successfully managed by local institutions. Phads are one such community-based and managed diversion irrigation management system… Read More Phad irrigation systems help mitigate risk of crop failure in drought prone Vidarbha